Since Dotgay’s software for a Community Priority Evaluation on .homosexual failed final week, there’s been some unrest amongst its supporters and within the media.
An effort to get #ICANNisBroken trending hasn’t precisely set the Twittersphere alight, however there have been a handful of stories tales that assault the CPE choice for failing to characterize the homosexual group.
I assume the criticisms are misplaced.
The Economist Intelligence Unit, which conducts the CPEs for ICANN, acquired it proper on this case, for my part.
Dotgay scored 10 factors out of sixteen on the CPE. It wanted 14 to cross. A move would have given it unique rights to .homosexual, forcing the three different candidates to withdraw.
It might have scored 14 had it managed to get A factors out of the out there A on the “Nexus” standards — the power of the connection between the string “homosexual” and the group Dotgay stated it needed to symbolize.
The EIU scored Dotgay zero.
The purpose was that Dotgay, in its software, outlined its group like this:
The Gay Community consists of people who determine themselves as male or feminine homosexuals, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, ally and lots of different terminology – in quite a lot of languages – that has been used at numerous factors to refer most easily to these people who don’t take part in mainstream cultural practices pertaining to gender id, expression and grownup consensual sexual relationships. The Gay Community has additionally been referred to utilizing the acronym LGBT, and typically the extra inclusive LGBTQIA. The commonest and globally understood time period – used each by members of the Gay Community and on the earth at giant – is nevertheless “Gay”.
Dotgay misplaced the A factors it wanted to move the CPE virtually solely due to this paragraph.
It overstretched, and it doing so it did not play by the ICANN guidelines.
Remember, the EIU was requested to find out the “nexus”, or correlation, between the gTLD string — the phrase “homosexual” — and the individuals Dotgay stated it was making an attempt to symbolize.
By making an attempt to be as inclusive as potential to as many various sexuality/gender identities because it might, Dotgay overlooked the truth that the gTLD string it needs solely describes a subsection of these individuals.
LGBTQIA isn’t even a very nicely-understood acronym. The “A” might imply “Ally”, as Dotgay stated in its software, or “Asexual”, as it’s typically (however not in Dotgay’s software) interpreted.
Dotgay tried to outline “intersex” individuals — people whose genitalia or different sexual traits don’t conform to the usual male/feminine norms — as “homosexual”. Are they “homosexual”?
It tried to outline “allies” of homosexual rights as “homosexual”. Are we?
The majority of the straight individuals studying this publish, myself included, would characterize themselves as an “ally” of the homosexual group — we’re supporters of equal rights — however we might not name ourselves “homosexual”.
The proven fact that we wouldn’t is a vital a part of the EIU’s logic, the rationale it discovered Dotgay had overstretched in its group definition, and as onerous as I attempt I can’t work out why that logic is defective.
“Membership within the Gay Community shouldn’t be restricted by any geographical boundaries and is united by a standard curiosity in human rights,” the Dotgay software reads.
Is that not an implicit admission that the “homosexual group” outlined within the software truly consists of nearly all of the populations of most proper-considering democracies?
Regardless of the EIU’s logic, there was a average quantity of shock on-line about its choice.
The article getting probably the most hyperlink love seems to be this one at Slate, written by “LGBTQ activist” Marc Naimark.
First, word the acronym Naimark makes use of in his bio on the backside of the piece. There are two letters lacking when in comparison with the Dotgay software — “I” and “A”, for “Intersex” and “Ally” or “Asexual”.
Would Dotgay have gained its CPE if it had restricted itself to the identical 5 letters? Maybe, perhaps not. GLAAD defines “homosexual” as solely these individuals interested in the identical gender. Transsexuals might not rely. I and A virtually definitely don’t.
Is this simply nit-choosing?
Not actually. The level of the CPE, taken as an entire, was to permit real communities to keep away from costly auctions while stopping gaming by unscrupulous registries that might search to say a worthwhile string and not using a real group behind them.
In a earlier new gTLD spherical, ICM Registry outlined its .xxx “group” as primarily ‘anybody who needs to be a member of the group’. The .mobi registry outlined its group as principally ‘anybody with a cell phone’.
These have been each makes an attempt, for my part, to recreation the principles ICANN had put in place for that notably new gTLD software spherical. They have been each profitable.
What Dotgay tried to do with its .homosexual software was to outline its group as principally everybody. I don’t assume I would name it gaming, however I may name it a failure to comply with the group guidelines intently sufficient.
So is it a nasty factor that Dotgay’s CPE acquired rejected?
I don’t assume so.
Remember, Dotgay has not been dominated out of the method. It can nonetheless compete at public sale with the opposite candidates.
If that’s too wealthy for it, there might even be a chance for the corporate to mix in one other approach with a rival applicant, moderately like DotGreen did with Afilias for .inexperienced.
In Salon, Naimark wrote that a non-Community .homosexual — one manged by Top Level Design, Minds + Machines or Rightside, the opposite three candidates — will probably be awash with pornography or homophobia:
Now, as an alternative, .homosexual is up for public sale, with dotgay LLC dealing with off towards three a lot bigger rivals whose sole purpose is to make as a lot cash as attainable from .homosexual names. That means no oversight over who will get a reputation or what it’s used for. Gay bashers will have the ability to purchase .homosexual domains. More considerably, the most important market is more likely to be amongst porn websites. Any official use of the identify by people, companies, and organizations related to the LGBTQ group will doubtless be drowned in a sea of intercourse: On the Internet, everybody will probably be .homosexual for pay.
On the face of it, that looks like a compelling argument. Wouldn’t it’s nicer if .homosexual was dedicated to worthy causes slightly than homosexual porn? I would in all probability agree with that argument.
But not one of the 4 candidates for .homosexual — not even Dotgay — have any prohibitions or restrictions on porn of their purposes.
There’s no purpose on the brand new gTLD program report to consider Dotgay gained’t promote .homosexual domains to porn websites too.
Where Dotgay does have an ethical benefit towards its rivals is in its specific prohibitions towards homophobic speech within the domains it sells.
One of the insurance policies it proposes in its software is that domains shouldn’t be “phrases or phrases that incite or promote discrimination or violent conduct, together with anti-homosexual hate speech.”
The different three candidates don’t have something almost as particular of their purposes.
But by making use of as a proper, massive-H “Community” applicant, Dotgay additionally needed to promise to limit its gTLD to a restricted quantity of people that have been members of its self-outlined “group”.
This is the place I wrestle.
Dotgay proposes to limit .homosexual to individuals who get hold of a particular code by way of quite a few as-but unspecified, accredited “Authentication Providers” — organizations that symbolize sections of the LGBTQIA group.
This course of has clearly been created by the applicant, for my part, in an effort to get the required variety of factors within the CPE’s “Registration Policies” standards, the place you must be restrictive to win.
What Dotgay is proposing is a system whereby as a way to categorical your homosexuality (or membership of one other LGBTQIA group, together with “ally”) you could apply to an accredited homosexual-associated group for a particular code.
That simply appears improper to me.
Whatever occurred to the “self-recognized” homosexual individual? I thought that “self-identification”, within the sexual and gender id world, was a little bit of an enormous deal.
You want a password to “come out” on-line? Really?
I don’t need to be accused of “straightsplaining”, so it’s a real query: is it okay for a registry to wish to authenticate your sexual/gender id earlier than you possibly can register a .homosexual area?
London’s Alternative Investment Market is quick turning into the inventory market of selection for brand spanking new gTLD registries, with .information mainstay Afilias immediately saying an upcoming IPO.
The Ireland-based mostly firm hopes to boost $one hundred million by promoting off about 30% of the corporate, giving it a progress conflict-chest and giving its buyers a shot at getting a few of their a refund.
Afilias earmarked a part of the anticipated windfall for brand spanking new gTLD auctions, in addition to acquisitions of latest gTLD “belongings” and operational registries and enlargement of its registrar enterprise.
Executive chairman Jonathan Robinson stated in a press release:
The Placing will deliver vital advantages – by offering additional capital to fund our natural and acquisitive progress plans, and elevating our company profile with present and new clients.
In addition to .information, .mobi and .professional, Afilias is related to 254 new gTLD purposes both as applicant or again-finish supplier. As registry, it already has a few dozen 2012-spherical gTLDs within the root.
The firm’s income for 2013 was $seventy seven.S million, up from $seventy four.H million in 2012. Earnings earlier than deductions have been $38.S million in 2013, up from $32.M million in 2012.
Fellow gTLD registries CentralNic and Minds + Machines are additionally listed on AIM.
Former Nominet CEO Lesley Cowley has turn into a advisor for Architelos, as a part of a raft of area and non-area business positions she’s taken on.
Primarily, Cowley has turn into chair of the UK’s Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency — a public-sector position with a obscure conceptual relationship with domains (ie, managing numerous distinctive identifiers).
At Architelos, a supplier of registry administration software program and providers, she can be a “government coach and advisor”, Cowley wrote in a weblog submit.
She may also stay a volunteer with ICANN, the place she’s the previous chair and present councilor of the ccNSO.
Cowley has additionally been named a non-government director of aql, a knowledge middle in Leeds, UK.
She introduced her resignation in May, after 12 years as Nominet CEO. Her alternative has not but been named.
New gTLD registries will have the ability to launch all two-character strings of their zones, following an ICANN choice final week.
The ICANN board of administrators voted on Thursday to instruct ICANN’s government to
develop and implement an environment friendly process for the discharge of two-character domains at present required to be reserved within the New gTLD Registry Agreement
The process should take note of the recommendation of the Governmental Advisory Committee issued on the finish of final week’s ICANN fifty one assembly in Los Angeles.
But that recommendation merely asks that governments are knowledgeable when a registry requests the discharge of two-character names.
All two-character strings have been initially reserved because of the potential for confusion with two-letter ccTLDs.
But the GAC determined in LA that it doesn’t actually have an issue with such strings being launched, with some governments noting that ccTLD second-ranges corresponding to us.com and uk.com haven’t brought on an issue so far.
The board’s choice is especially excellent news for dot-model candidates which will need to run domains resembling uk.google or de.bmw to service particular areas the place they function.
Registries representing over 200 new gTLDs have already filed Registry Service Evaluation Process requests for the discharge of some two-character strings (some together with ccTLD matches, some not).
It’s not but clear how ICANN will go about eradicating the 2-character restriction.
It could also be extra environment friendly to supply all registries a blanket modification to the RA moderately than course of every RSEP request individually as it’s right now.
However, as a result of the GAC has requested for notification on a case-by-case foundation, ICANN could also be pressured to stay to the one thing alongside the strains of the prevailing process.
ICANN director Olga Madruga-Forti unexpectedly give up the board final week.
ICANN didn’t explain her sudden departure, which got here towards the top of the ICANN fifty one public assembly in Los Angeles.
The Argentinian telco lawyer’s resignation means she is going to miss the third and remaining yr of her appointed three-yr time period.
Her determination comes virtually precisely a yr after Filipino entrepreneur Judith Vazquez additionally give up, once more with no cause given, two years into her personal three-yr time period.
This attainable coincidence has led to hypothesis that the ICANN board has an “aggressively male tradition”, no matter meaning.
Both Madruga-Forti and Vazquez have been chosen by the Nominating Committee, which has tips obliging it to attempt to keep a wholesome gender stability on the ICANN board.
I’m unsure whether or not Madruga-Forti’s resignation helps or challenges my beforehand said view that professional-feminine gender discrimination by NomCom is of questionable worth.
On the one hand, NomCom has for 2 years in a row chosen candidates — partly on the idea of their gender and geographic origins — that didn’t make it by way of a full time period.
On the opposite hand, if the male-heavy gender stability on the board is responsible for these resignations, maybe a little bit of enforced balancing might assist keep a secure board in future.
It’s a difficult one.
Currently, solely 4 of the (at present) 20-member board are feminine. Three have voting rights. Of these three, two have been chosen by NomCom. The third was elected by the At-Large.
Two of them have been on the board for lower than every week, having been chosen or elected for phrases starting final Thursday.
It appears probably that Madruga-Forti’s everlasting alternative will grow to be feminine. Just a hunch.
What do you assume? Is ICANN too blokey? How necessary ought to gender stability be on the ICANN board?
The European Union request for the Greek-script ccTLD .ευ has not been thrown out, in response to ICANN.
Last week DI reported that .ευ was the one considered one of three IDN ccTLD requests — the opposite two being Bulgaria’s .бг and Greece’s .ελ — to fail a check for complicated similarity on attraction.
.ευ was discovered to be confusingly just like .EY and .EU, however solely when in higher case.
The similarity panel’s choice would imply, I reported, that .бг and .ελ can be delegated however .ευ wouldn’t, beneath ICANN guidelines.
I questioned aloud what the Governmental Advisory Committee would take into consideration that, provided that it had lobbied for the creation of the appeals course of in an effort to get an earlier rejection of .ευ overturned.
Shortly after publishing the article, ICANN reached out to say I was incorrect and ask for a correction.
“We (ICANN) haven’t rejected the .ευ software,” a spokesperson stated.
“Due to the unprecedented nature of the cut up outcomes, the difficulty must be mentioned on the senior administration and Board degree earlier than a ultimate choice is made,” he stated.
The “cut up outcomes” refers to the truth that there was discovered to be no complicated similarity with .ευ in decrease case.
However, the ICANN rule I referred to says (which my emphasis):
The rule is that if the looks of the chosen string, in higher or decrease case, in widespread fonts in small sizes at typical display resolutions, is sufficiently near a number of different strings, it’s possible that a affordable Internet consumer who’s unfamiliar with the script perceives the strings to be the identical or confuses one for the opposite.
That’s tailored virtually verbatim from the unique suggestions of the ccNSO. The solely addition ICANN made was so as to add the clearly necessary clause “in higher or decrease case” to the textual content.
It appeared fairly simple to me — complicated similarity exists no matter case.
I pointed this out to ICANN final Wednesday and requested the place I might discover the rule that stated the ICANN board or employees get to evaluation a “cut up outcomes” discovering however have but to obtain a reply.
Campaigns in Bulgaria and Greece to get ICANN to un-reject their Cyrillic and Greek-script ccTLD requests have confirmed profitable.
The first selections handed down by ICANN’s new Extended Process Similarity Review Panel this week stated Bulgaria’s .бг and Greece’s .ελ are usually not “confusingly comparable” to different ccTLDs in any case.
However, a 3rd attraction by the European Union over the Greek .ευ was rejected on the grounds that the string is just too confusingly just like .EV and .EY when in higher case.
Confusing strings shouldn’t be delegated, underneath ICANN guidelines, because of the danger of exacerbating the prevalence of safety dangers similar to phishing assaults.
Bulgaria’s preliminary request for .бг was turned down in 2010 after a panel discovered it appears too just like Brazil’s present ccTLD, .br.
Greece’s bid for .ελ had been blocked for wanting an excessive amount of like .EA, a non-existent ccTLD that might be delegated to a brand new nation in future.
While the preliminary panel’s course of was fairly opaque, the newly revealed “prolonged” critiques seem to have employed a reasonably scientific methodology to find out similarity.
Twenty American undergraduate scholar volunteers have been proven pairs of strings briefly on screens designed to simulate net shopping. They then had to select which one they’d seen.
The volunteers have been additionally proven pairs of comparable-wanting Latin-script ccTLDs that exist already, to be able to set up a baseline for what must be thought-about a suitable degree of confusability.
The Greek and Bulgarian strings have been each discovered to be much less complicated than present pairs of Latin-script ccTLDs and have been subsequently given the thumbs-up. The EU string flunked in higher case.
Under ICANN’s guidelines, it seems that .бг and .ελ can now proceed to delegation, whereas .ευ has been ceaselessly rejected.
The three reviews might be downloaded right here.
It shall be fascinating to see how the ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee will react to this.
It was strain from the GAC — pushed by the European Commission and Greece — again in 2012 that pressured ICANN into creating the appeals course of.
At ICANN’s assembly in Prague that yr, the GAC stated:
The GAC is of the view that selections might have erred on the too-conservative aspect, in impact making use of a extra stringent check of confusability between Latin and non-Latin scripts than when enterprise a aspect by aspect comparability of Latin strings.
Now the EU appears to have been advised that it nonetheless can’t have its requested ccTLD, and the usual utilized was precisely the identical normal as applies to Latin ccTLDs.
Will the GAC settle for this willpower, or stomp its ft?
ICANN has reopened the rivalry units for .cam and .通販 after deciding that two String Confusion Objection panels might have been incorrect to reject sure purposes.
Two rulings — that .cam is confusingly just like .com and that .通販 is confusingly just like .store (actually) — will now head to an appeals panel for a “remaining” willpower.
The choice was made by the ICANN board’s New gTLD Program Committee this week on the ICANN fifty one public assembly in Los Angeles.
The first case being reopened for scrutiny is Verisign versus Rightside, the place the unique SCO panel discovered that .cam and .com have been too just like coexist on the web.
But a special panelist discovered that the 2 strings weren’t confusingly comparable in objections filed by Verisign towards two different candidates — Dot Agency and AC Webconnecting.
The opposing rulings meant that Rightside’s software would have been kicked out of the .cam rivalry set, which hardly appears truthful.
This and lots of different “perceived inconsistencies” led to the ICANN board being pressured to provide you with some sort of appeals course of, which it agreed to do in February.
Verisign, unfairly for my part, was not given the chance to attraction the 2 .cam selections that went towards it, despite the fact that they have been made by the identical panelist for a similar causes.
The second, altogether extra peculiar, case was .store applicant Commercial Connect versus .通販 applicant Amazon.
The panelist in that case appeared to have checked his mind on the door that day, concluding that the 2 strings are confusingly comparable just because 通販 means “on-line buying” in Japanese.
Another panelist, in a unique case additionally involving Commercial Connect, had discovered that .购物 (Chinese for “purchasing”) was not confusingly just like .store as a result of duh.
ICANN’s NGPC has now determined that the 2 controversial selections are “not being in the most effective curiosity of the New gTLD Program and the Internet group”.
Both .cam and .通販 will now be referred to a 3-individual panel on the International Center for Dispute Resolution, the identical physique that processed the unique objections, for a ultimate willpower.
ICANN’s Governmental Advisory Committee has elected Thomas Schneider of the Swiss authorities as its new chair.
The unprecedented, one-nation-one-vote secret poll election on the ICANN fifty one public assembly in Los Angeles at present noticed Schneider beat Lebanon’s Imad Hoballah by sixty one votes to 37.
He will take over from Canadian incumbent Heather Dryden on the finish of the week.
Schneider is deputy head of worldwide affairs on the Swiss Federal Office of Communications (Ofcom).
He presently serves as one of many GAC’s three vice chairs.
The election was overseen by the Australian Continuous Improvement Group, which offers the GAC with ICANN-unbiased secretariat providers.
Donuts as we speak bought its millionth area identify, in line with an organization press launch.
The identify, in response to Donuts, was heavenly.espresso.
I’m not saying heavenly.espresso wasn’t the one millionth identify, however I reckon that if the one millionth identify had been get-free-viagra.guru, I’d nonetheless be taking a look at a press launch speaking about heavenly.espresso this afternoon.
Donuts is clearly the primary firm to hit this goal. It owns the most important portfolio of latest gTLDs by a substantial margin.
The firm has one hundred fifty delegated gTLDs, one hundred forty of that are usually availability.